The fortified Benedictine
Abbey of St. Cassiano is beautifully located on Monte Santa Croce, overlooking and controlling the Nera, in Umbria. The abbey dates back to the 10 C, to the time of narnine Pope John XIII (965-972) and the Abbot S. Orso. The abbey was built on the site of a fortified monastery dating back to the Gothic Wars (6 C), and was probably built by the famous Byzantine general, Belisarius, similarly to the one dedicated to St. Juvenal, built at Orte in the time of Pope Virgil (538-555). The two fortified monasteries guarded the gorge of the Nera, which was the last defense of the Byzantine corridor that ensured territorial continuity between
The Abbey of San Casciano consists of a church, a tower with a spire in the shape of a square pyramid and
various dependencies that were once the habitation and places of worship of Benedictine monks and are now available to pilgrims. The entire complex is surrounded by crenellated walls. In all probability the church was the first Benedictine foundation of the territory and other nearby monasteries developed based
around this one. Recent renovations have returned the church to the original Greek cross plan with three apses, one of which is occupied by the tower. The facade is simple, with a portal decorated with concentric arches and pillars and a mullioned window. The interior is spacious, the four round arches resting on columns with elegant marble bases and capitals.
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